HEALTH & SAFETY LAW
The Health & Safety at Work Act came into force in 1974 and covers everyone at work (apart from persons attending domestic premises). The Act makes it clear that EVERYONE has a part to play in health and safety at work. The main purpose is to encourage high standards and prevent people coming to harm at work. The responsibilities of various parties under the Act are in our BLOG, follow the link below:-
The Act places a ‘duty of care’ on employers to introduce good Health & Safety practices and provides a framework for Health & Safety regulations. They must ensure the health, safety and welfare of employees, visitors and the public by providing:-
A written Health & Safety Policy (if they employ 5 or more people)
Safe equipment and machinery
Safe systems of work
Information, instruction, supervision and training
Safe working environment
Adequate welfare facilities
Under The Health and Safety at Work Act, all employees have a duty to:
Act in a way that does not put themselves or others at risk
Co-operate with their employer on any health and safety matters
Health and Safety law does not apply to people who are self-employed if their work activity does not cause any potential risks to the health and safety of others – such as accountants
However, health and safety law will apply to the self-employed if:
They employ other people
Their work presents a potential risk to the health and safety of others
Their work activity is specifically mentioned in the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 (General Duties of Self-Employed Persons) (Prescribed Undertakings) Regulations 2015.
When relevant, self-employed people share many of the same duties as employers. They must make sure their work does not endanger themselves or others and inform people of hazards – by putting up signs to warn others of the hazards.
OCCUPIERS OF BUILDINGS
Persons in control of buildings have duties to people who are not employed by them but work at or visit the premises, such as customers, contractors, visitors etc.
DESIGNERS, MANUFACTURERS AND INSTALLERS
Equipment and articles must be designed, constructed, and tested to make sure they work safely and any substances used in their manufacture must be safe. Adequate information on the safe use of the equipment must be provided.